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the afghanistan strategy and bring home all of the combat truce by the end of next year. also, a conversation with noted british historian and and the four men -- amanda foreman. she has a new book called "a war on fire." >> every community has martin luther king boulevard. that is the cornerstone we all know could is not just a street garble bought, but a place to gather with your community. make every day better. >> nationwide insurance supports tavis smiley. we are happy to joinim h to combat illiteracy. nationwide is on your side. >> and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> jeff merkely wrote an op-ed in the new york times on tuesday titled let's not linger in afghanistan. he joins us tonight on capitol hill. thank you for your time. >> is great to be with you. when you say that we are lingering in afghanistan, can you define the word "lingering" for me? >> that means that our mission has been completed. in this case, the mission was to take the taliban out of power in afghanistan, to destroy al qaeda training camps, and to find those responsible for 9
it operates, or its effects on the ground. but frontline has spent months traveling through afghanistan, investigating how this secret campaign is conducted, what it's doing to the taliban and al qaeda, and whether it can play a decisive part in ending the war. >> narrator: our journey begins in khost province, eastern afghanistan. this is where al qaeda trained some of the 9/11 hijackers. it's now the heartland of the haqqani network, a ruthless branch of the taliban insurgency responsible for some of the most vicious attacks of the war. over the past year, there's been a dramatic escalation of kill/capture missions here. we're with the soldiers of the 101st airborne division and their afghan counterparts. they've received intelligence that a wanted taliban leader is hiding out nearby. >> we're going after a mid-level insurgent here in the district. guy's name is gulab, this guy right here. he's an ied facilitator, kidnapper, just all-around bad guy. we're going to do an air assault on his compound. >> roger, we copy. ( helicopter blades whirring ) >> narrator: in khost and across the
in afghanistan >> ah, yes. and that is a very important part of "the haunting legacy" because chapter 3 with carter and really right up through with reagan and bush one, vietnam and afghanistan have been sort of intellectually married and why do i say that? because zbigniew brzezinski whom you know very well and has undoubtedly many on this program many times, brzezinski when he wasnational security advisor to prident carter, we were very fortunate. we got ahold of hisecret wall streeting memos to carter about what he thought carter ought to do in foreign policy. zbigniew brzezinski actually had in his mind that if we could suck the russians in more deeply into afghanistan we could create what he called heir vietnam." and in his mind, that kind of a loss, soviet troops in humiliation, having to leave afghanistan to go back to the soviet union loaded up with drugs, terrible shape, the equipment absolutely destroyed, they went back and in spig's mind, this could lead to the disintegration of the communist power in the soviet union because the red ar is the core the strength, the inner str
in afghanistan. they also have the pakistani taliban attacking them. we're also the point of a new low in u.s.-pakistani relations. so the idea that pakistan would instigate a crisis with india at this point is inconceivable to me. >> what about indian intelligence-gathering and a security? there have been a number of threats, particularly since 2008. is this any reflection on the indian authorities competence in this area? >> there will be questioned about another attack in mumbai. again, four attacks in the last 10 years. after 2008, there were major reviews within india about internal security, and in this case, there will be a very close examination of how quickly india responded. they have their national security guard deployed there. they have friends a unit on the scene. they need to hopefully -- they have forensic units on the scene. they need to hopefully see having that experience corrected in that beleaguered city. >> in other news, police and venezuela have regained control of a prison east of the capital after a standoff that lasted for 27 days. more than 800 inmates have not g
day of his visit to afghanistan, for nato's silk -- for nato soldiers were killed. which all begs -- which all begs the question, what happens when foreign forces withdraw? >> british troops drop in. it's an area the taliban used to control. no longer. nato is pushing out. that is what you can do when 10,000 british troops have been reinforced by 20,000 americans. so far, the british soldiers have not run into any opposition. usually when the insurgents see nato coming in strength, they retreat. but not always. so no one takes any chances. afghan police lead the searches. nato believes afghan candy -- afghans can deal with their own people better than foreign troops. by 2015, the idea is they will do it alone. one of the villagers hope things will improve without the insurgents around. >> the taliban steals food. i'm very poor. if i protest, they say you support nato. >> this is what progress lookalike in afghanistan. so much so, there is to be a further cut in british troops with a few hundred soldiers. but native troops still far outnumber the afghan troops. what is needed to ha
, "bbc world news." >> this is ""bbc world news america." assassinated in afghanistan, president karzai's brother is killed. who will fill kyushu's? former prime minister gordon brown accuses a media organization of breaking the law. treasures of the earth's, while china may have a monopoly on rare earth materials, the u.s. and of -- the u.s. is leading fast to catch up. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america around the globe. it was a brutal attack in of dennis than that claimed the life of hamid karzai's half- brother. ahmad wali karzai, the head of the kandahar provincial council was accused of being devolved in the drug trade and dealing with the taliban. the taliban is claiming responsibility for the assassination which has opened up a power vacuum. >> he describes himself as the most powerful men in southern afghanistan. few disagreed. ahmad wali karzai was a controversial figure. in kandahar today, the walls of sight of his compound were closed. the president's half brother lived under the tightest security. only the closest could get close. without saying a word, he shot him t
of honor, today for heroism in afghanistan. during a fight in 2008, sergeant first class leroy petry was shot in both legs and lost his right hand when he tried to throw back an enemy grenade. his actions saved two other rangers. president obama presented the medal at a white house ceremony this afternoon. later, outside the white house, petry said all of the troops serving overseas are heroes. >> whenever you have a chance or opportunity to thank them, check them, give them a pat on the back for the job they've done because they've earned it. that's the british award any service member can get is just a simple thank you. >> sreenivasan: petry is the 149th recipient of the medal of honor, and he is only the second living service member to receive one for service in iraq or afghanistan. those are some of the day's major stories. now, back to judy. >> woodruff: next tonight, an assassination in afghanistan takes the life of the president's half-brother. >> ahmed wali karzai had survived previous attempts on his life but today a family friend finally did what others could not. the provi
of the day. here's hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: the new american ambassador to afghanistan was sworn in today and pledged there would be no rush to the exits. ryan crocker takes over as the u.s. begins withdrawing 10,000 troops by the end of the year. he said the u.s. has no interest in using afghanistan to influence neighboring nations. meanwhile, the nato toll in afghanistan grew by one today. an italian paratrooper was killed in an insurgent attack in the west. so far in july, 44 international troops have been killed in afghanistan. the government of syria endorsed a draft law allowing other political parties to form. the move is part of a series of reforms president bashar al assad and his ruling ba'ath party promised in the face of a popular uprising. but the opposition has dismissed the law as largely symbolic. it came as syrian security forces detained more people in damascus and other cities for holding antigovernment protests. the maid who accused former i.m.f. chief dominique strauss- kahn of sexually assaulting her in a manhattan hotel room broke her silence today. nafissa
afghanistan today. four nato troops were killed in bombings in the east and south. and, eleven afghan policemenç died in separate attacks. amid the killings, general david petraeus-- commander of u.s. and nato troops in afghanistan-- handed over his duties. he is leaving to lead the central intelligence agency. his replacement is u.s. marine corps general john allen. >> it is my intention to maintain the momentum of this campaign, this great campaign on which we have embarked. i will continue to support in every way possible, the recruiting, the training, preparation and equipping and the fielding and the employment of the afghaf oational security forces.ç >> sreenivasan: allen's tenure began just a day after taliban insurgents claimed another high- profile assassination. a close aide to afghan president hamid karzai was killed sunday in a gunbattle at his home in kabul. it followed the murder of karzai's half-brother last week. for more on afghanistan we turn to pam constable, who covers south asia for the "washington post." pam, thanks for being with us. the series of high prof
. >> let's shift to afghanistan and the taliban. any opening there? the mother might be some stuff going on behind the scenes. that is actually one of the problems. you do not have a single channel. you do not have a single diplomatic framework like you did in the northern ireland. you have a number of governments that are getting mixed messages to the taliban. >> who are those governments? >> pakistanis, afghanistan, america, uae, turkey. there are a variety of people putting out overtures, and that is confusing. these terrorists are not the most sophisticated actors in the world. they are generally young men who have been indoctrinated from a young age. having so many people involved in this is confusing. you need to create a single channel and coordinate the message. we're not doing that yet. we do not have the intelligence assets -- the insides that we need into the taliban. there was an embarrassing incident a couple of months ago, where we thought it on the number two person in the taliban, mullah omar, who wanted to talk, thought there might be room for negotiation and compromise,
to step in. you need to be here. i've been here. i've been doing afghanistan, bin laden, the greek crisis. >> the president says he wants to get working, wants us to get working. i cannot think of a better way than to pat him, on over to date. -- to have him come over today. we are waiting. >> senate minority leader mitch mcconnell. republicans were outraged by the president's remarked. but harry reid was listening. the majority leader canceled the senate's fourth of july holiday -- what a sacrifice. what do you make of the president's performance on wednesday, mark? >> the president recognizes two things. over the past two years, democrats have lost public debates on major initiatives, economic recovery and health care. they don't want to wind that risk of this time. -- run a risk to this time. they have to lay out the consequences, the recklessness and irresponsibility of even entertaining the possibility of letting this country default on its obligations. >> evan, what do you think? >> you cannot be partisan on this. he is at least showing some energy. but he has got to be an arm twist
-- investigator. the prime minister arrived from afghanistan into the storm. >> we need to have an inquiry, possibly inquiries into what has happened. we are no longer talking about politicians and celebrities. we're talking about murder victims, potentially terrorist victims, having their phones tapped into. >> what happened in the newsroom of the news of the world is already being investigated by 50 police officers. now there will be inquiries into why the police took so long to take this seriously. what is wrong with the british media? this all began with the imprisonment four years ago of the upload news of the world," royal editor. also in prison was this man. >> due to legal constraints, the state of coming home or come in at the moment. >> it is his notes of private phone numbers that have fueled this dog up. that and the mounting anger of mps who have said that police do not want to investigate what he has done. rupert murdoch issued a statement describing what had happened as deplorable and unacceptable. he stated that "our company must fully cooperate with the police and said tha
. this is obviously a norwegian man. previous speculation were more surrounding that norway is involved in afghanistan and libya at the moment, but we do not know whether this has anything to do with these incidents today. this was the labor party youth camp that is held on the island every year. the prime minister is the head of the labor party here in norway. it seemed very targeted toward the government and toward maybe the party -- that party especially, without knowing exactly why that party has been targeted. >> thank you. and for more on who may have been behind this -- these attacks, you can -- let's go to frank gardner in london. what is your analysis based on the information we have so far? >> i have to say the right now it is looking more like a timothy mcveigh style attack. the mayor also told us a short while ago that the same person carried out the bombing in central oslo and then two hours later the shooting spree on the island. the distance is only about 3445 minutes. the attacks were separated by two hours -- only about 30 to 45 minutes. the attacks were separated by two hours. the ch
afghanistan. the attack happened in an area due to be handed over to afghan control later this week. it also coincided with the departure of america's top commander, general david petraeus. he is leaving to become head of the cia. u.s. marine corps general allan will take over control of the forces in afghanistan. the u.s. senate will hold daily sessions including the weekend until legislation is passed to raise the government limit on borrowing. the senate majority leader said it was necessary to prevent the u.s. from defaulting on its debt. talks have taken place between the u.s. government officials and representatives of the libyan leader muammar gaddafi's government. this comes after months of air strikes bombarded in the country. for more on what the talks entailed, i am joined by andrew north. what is the significance of this meeting coming so soon after the u.s. government recognized the rebels as the legitimate governing authority? >> there is a direct link. u.s. officials have been clear to point that out. having said they now recognize it after delaying it for some time, this unde
because of iraq and afghanistan those views are shifting. that invisible wounds, mental wounds, psychological wounds, are just as debilitating and in some cases more debilitating than losing a arm or leg. gwen: what is it about these wars that's different from other wars in changing people's opinions about that? >> part of it is the sheer number of tours. you have people going three, four, five, six times to these war zones. and part of the nature of the war itself. in world war ii, you had big battles where the guys to your left and right of you were shooting at enemies. and it was more of a conventional fight. in iraq and afghanistan, you could be walking as has been the case where i've been there, and a person who's a friend of yours suddenly disappears in an i.e.d. you never see the enemy who took his life. a very different kind of challenge. you are constantly afraid of something bad happening. and you never know who the person is who's doing that bad thing to you or the person you care about. >> yochi, does the policy change affect benefits in a way that needed some deep
that great contributions of this for the wars in afghanistan and iraq only 24% said increased domestic spending. and while there is a lot of focus on domestic spending, if you talk to the ode person, it's -- that spending is seen as -- if it involves waste, fraud and abuse. but when benefits or when the entitlements are considered, that's not considered waste, fraud and abuse. >> so when you -- when you asked him about the trade-off they're prepared to accept in terms of, you know, how much cutting are you as a citizen prepared to see, to deal with the debt what do you find? >> surprisingly, when you ask about what is more important, preserving benefits for social security and medicare, or reducing deficit or the debt, 2 to 1 people say preserve our benefits. there is very little give there. now republicans are of the -- more of the view that reducing the deficit should be given high priority. but even among republicans it's really interesting. there is a big income divide. affluent republicans say it is more important to reduce the deficit but poorer republicans, middle class and lowe
to decide on holding a new trial. a suicide bomber in afghanistan killed five people today at a memorial service for ahmed wali karzai-- half-brother of the afghan president. the bomber blew himself up at ae kandahar mosque where the service was under way. president karzai was not attending. the attack came as a u.n. report said afghan civilian deaths are up 15 percent from a year ago. officials with the u.n. assistance mission in afghanistan blamed 80% of the killings on insurgents. >> this dramatic growth was mainly due to the use of landmine-like pressure plate, improvised explosive devices or i.e.d.s by the anti-government elements. we at unnama documented 1,462 civilian deaths. >> sreenivasan: nato air strikes -- mainly involving helicopters -- were the leading cause of civilian deaths by international forces. the first american combat forces began leaving afghanistan today as part of a gradual pull-out. army national guard units from iowa boarded a military plane at the bagram airbase terminal. they're among some 1,000 troops set to leave afghanistan this month. last month, preside
the thdrawal in afghanistan to u.s. relationships with china. the los angeles angels of anaheim has written apart from the firs family there may b no one who spends more time than donilon. as the u.s. faces economic challenges at home and rapid changes abroad with an arab spring, the white houshas made its mission to restore american prestige and influence and power around the world. i'm pleased t have tom donilon at this table for the first time welcome. >> thank you, charlie, great to be here. good to see you. >> rose: there's so much to talk about in limited time. we could spend 30 minutes just talking about your biography and your friendship with warren christopher, the clinton administration, all of that. you combine policy and politics in earlier careers and now it's the focus of the united states and its relationship with the world. how do you view the mission? because you said you wanted to restore america's credibility, its influence, its respect, and its power. >> well, i think that's exactly right, and that is our core goal at this point. we came into office in 2009 after a diffi
.s. soldiers stationed in southeastern afghanistan held a flag raising ceremony to commemorate the 4th. and at kandahar airfield general david petraeus spent his last independence day as commander of u.s. and nato forces in afghanistan, with the troops. petraeus set to take up his new job as c.i.a. director later this year, today administered the oath of re-enlistment to 235 service members.çç >> you can really feel the honor, especially when you get a general like general petreas come down and do it for us. it makes it really feel a lot more important to me. it'll be nice being able to call home and tell my mom to check it out on tv and be able to tell my family that i got to do this. >> it's just an honor. it's an honor to serve our country. >> woodruff: back in the u.s., presidential candidates are capitalizing on the swell of patriotic spirit. >> happy birthday, america. >> woodruff: both former massachusetts governor mitt romney and former utah governorç john huntsman were in amherst, new hampshire, at a july 4th parade trying to connect with voters. minnesota congresswoman
president obama will announce how many troo will bring home from afghanistan beginning next month. the announcement follows months of debate in the white house, it comes with increasing concern in the war andure role in the country. the administration fac a number of challenges at home. unemployment remains high at 9.1%. the housing market continues to suffer and the u.s. debt has surpassed 14 trillion dollars. all of this will pose a significant challenge for the president in the 2012 eltion. joining me now a group of comments from the new york time from washington david brooks, with me here in new york, david leonhardt, roger cohen and tom friedman. they have all won too many awards to talk about. mi pleased to have all of them on this program today to talk about america. what's the challenge for us? because wherever i go around the world the thing they say is tt we want america to take care of their business at home first, so that they can lead the world and pla an important part as the rest of the world changes. >> well, charlie, i think the world does understan that america p
proje power militarily so in afghanistan and libya. president sarkozy is wanting the g-8 this year but it' only the size of texas and with an economy that's probably the size ofalifnia. >> charlie: yes. how is he doing? president sarkozy. >> we're in a period of track cision, in part because of what happened because of -- who could have been the social es party candidate and wa leading inhe poll in any combination >> charlie: against sarkozy. >> exactly. it's out of the picture. even though tzar -- tzar sarkozy -- >> charlie: at the likely to be the nominee. >> no clue. i would like to see francois who is really smart and funny and not seductive enough for the french people. >> charlie: he was head of the socialist party and his wife, n his wife -- >> father of their four children. >> charlie: she got the nomination. >> right. >> charlie: is she still going to run or not? theye no longetogether and he could be running and she could be running and they were -- >> she would like to run again. but there's another woman in the picture who is more to the left on the socialist par
. >> sreenivasan: in afghanistan, ahmed wali karzai was buried in kandahar, a day after he was gunned down by a close confidant. his half-brother, president hamid karzai, joined thousands of mourners at the service, oppealing for an end thev iolence. at one point, tde prentsi climbed is. iwn hos hours later, a suicide bombing killed five french soldiers in eastern afghanistan. they were guarding a meeting of local leaders. the rupert murdoch media empire news corporation dropped its bid today to take over british sky broadcasting. it was the latest fallout from the firestorm of allegations that murdoch tabloids hacked into phones of celebrities, royals and even murder victims. we have a report from gary gibbon of independent television news. >> reporter: for decades, he's loomed over british politics. feted by politicians, rarely denied his wishes. but today, parliament rose up as one, all three main parties united, telling rupert murdoch he could not expand his media ownership here, right now. and he buckled. in a statement on their takeover plans, news corp said thait was too difficult t
of the day. here's hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: this was a deadly day for nato forces in afghanistan. the alliance announced four troops were killed in two separate attacks in the east. there was no immediate word on their nationalities. 280 nato service members have died in afghanistan so far this year. in syria, security forces and allied gunmen shot and killed 11 people in hama, where residents openly defied the regime of bashar al-assad. activists reported hundreds of people irrn tedes and erected makeshift barriers to block troops and tanks now encircling the city. in washington, state department spokesman victoria nuland said it is the latest evidence that syria is using "intimidation and arrest" to erase all opposition. >> a week ago the positive example of a city in syria where peaceful demonstrations were allowed, where people were meeting each other and organizing and talking. today we see the town surrounded by syrian security forces so we're going in the wrong direction. >> sreenivasan: in 1982, then- president hafez assad, the current leader's father, crushed a rebellion
at 2840. in afghanistan today, president hamid karzai rallied his country's security forces. he warned they face a challenging year ahead, as the u.s. military begins the first part of a phased withdrawal. in the last two weeks, seven areas of the country have been handed over to afghan control. speaking in kabul, karzai told afghan troops they must step up even more, to eventually secure the entire nation by 2014. . >> in the coming three years this transition will be completed. that will be the day when the afghan nation celebrates taking responsibility of security. where afghanistan will be secured by its own people again. its sovereignty will be defended by them and we will defend its integrity. >> sreenivasan: the transition in afghanistan takes place as the pentagon navigates budget cuts. in washington, the nominee for head of the joint chiefs of staff discussed what he called a "new fiscal reality," and warned against tightening the purse strings by too much. president obama has called for $400 billion in military spending cuts over 12 years. during an exchange with republican s
in southern afghanistan, killing more than 20 people, including a bbc reporter. the assault targeted the officers of the deputy governor, police headquarters and a private security firm. a u.s. soldier has been arrested near the fort hood military base in texas after being found with bomb-making materials. the serviceman has admitted planning an attack. in china, the government is facing a public backlash over the way it handled a high speed train crash which killed 39. authorities say the crash was called by design flaws and signaling equipment but allegations of corruption and lack of transparency are fueling public anger. the premier has visited the crash site. the bbc's martin patience reports from the scene. >> wen jiabo is the soft paternal face of the communist party. in times like this he's called upon to soothe the nation's nerves. at the crash site he paid his respects but he was also bowing to public pressure. >> no matter if it's a mechanical fault, a management problem, or indeed a manufacturing issue, we will get to the bottom of this. >> the two high-speed trains colli
are investigating the case of james phillips and, killed in afghanistan. according to his father, e-mail messages he received after his death had been read. he suspects, by hackers. >> they should suffer whatever punishment is appropriate. i'm sure that will happen. it is going to take time. >> rebecca brooks, picture leading news international tonight. criminal investigation, public inquiries. the scrutiny of what went on at her newspaper could continue for years. >> for more on today's news, i'm joined from london by author and journalist peter preston who was the editor of the guardian for a number of years. if i could start, could you explain to viewers around the world and here in the united states just how big a deal this story is and the latest developments art? >> it was all about celebrities. it was difficult to get the public engaged in that. this week, when it was revealed that the telephone of the 13- year-old murder victim had been packed into and a whole variety of other car stories -- hacked into, and a whole variety of other horror stories emerged, now you have a toxic image for the
at bay. now, to afghanistan where five people were killed today in a blast inside a mosque. the attack was carried out by a man who hit explosives in his turban. it happened in kandahar during a memorial service to president karzai's brother was assassinated this week. for more of the president brothers and the governor were in kandahar. >> another deadly attack in the heart of kandahar. top afghan officials were attending a prayer service for the president's half brother when the bomber struck. elite police units secured the area. among the dead, an influential cleric. a man opposed to the taliban. like so many other tax, the brunt of it was borne by ordinary afghans. more people are also dying from nato air strikes. late on wednesday, six villages were attacked among the victims, women and children. it led to a wave of anger. protests have taken place pressing for the withdrawal of western forces. that is about to happen imminently. some are wondering, at what cost? starting next week and over the next several months, thousands of nato troops have begun to a withdrawal. handing over
the winding down of military operations in iraq and afghanistan. and, it would give the government an additional $2.7 trillion in borrowing authority to last through 2012. the top republican in the senate mitch mcconnell said democrats were playing with fire by opposing the boehner plan. >> it's inconceivable to me that they would actually block the only bill that could get through the house of representatives and prevent a default right now. it's inconceivable to me that they would do this for no other reason than to help the president avoid another debate before the election about the need for washington to get its fiscal house in order. >> reporter: those words were echoed by many house republicans who took to the floor this afternoon. >> what needs to be done today-- if you owe debts, pay debts. but we also owe a debt to this generation struggling and the next that we can only repay through fiscal reform. >> reporter: house democrats, such as jim mcgovern of massachusetts, had a very different take on the plan. >> i keep expecting lion tamers and acrobats to appear on the house
imagine getting there in a variety of ways. you count savings from withdrawal of troops, from afghanistan and from iraq. you have some other defense cuts can, you have a whole bunch of discretionary cuts. you do some little things on mandatory programs that are not social security or medicare. and so then the deal gets done and some ofhese big questions on medicare and taxes get saved for the 2012 campaign. on the other hand, whenou read quotes which you occasionally read, from congressional staffers, republican staff are saying, you know, ybe a showdown in whiche don't get this deal isn't the worst thing. that does make you wonder how many people within congress think that actually no deal would be better than a deal. and my colleague david brooks argues that that would be very bad for the republicans politically. i'm not so sure about that. there is only one president and there's only one ecomy and i think there's a chance that chaos and no deal actually hurts the white house and to the extent that the republicans agree with that, then we could be in for a really dicey couple of months.
about libya and the role the u.k. is playing in that, afghanistan. this is all a distraction from a major geopolitical agenda. >> ifill: with all of those things on his plate, though, richard... david cameron. i'm getting everyone's names mixed up tonight. he lives to fight another day? >> yes, i think so. as you said earlier, there were a number of investigations. there's a criminal investigation we will be finding out... there will be a drip feed of e-mails, of reports, of parliamentary select committees and, you know, this will continue to be a bad news story for david cameron. how much worse it get december pends on the contents of some of those e-mails. >> ifill: i guess we have no choice but to watch. richard add dallas, heather conley, thank you both so much. >> brown: next, compelling insurers to cover contraception. the new health care reform law that president obama signed last year not only expands the number of people who get coverage. it also requires the secretary of health and human services to determine which preventive benefits should be provided by all insurers.
economic and other problems and with afghanistan to pull our chestnuts out of the fire. >> rose: but on the question of nato, secretary gates suggested as much. >> rose: indeed. indeed. witness again, you know, a few weeks of military action on a very small scale in libya... >> rose: and all of a sudden... >> and we're running out of munitions and turning back to the united states as the land of last rest. but look, frankly, the military action in libya which i supported, reluctantly but i supported, i actually a sideshow. the big question is can you turn egypt which had been historically at the heart of islamic culture and scholarship into a model and a beacon for threst of the arab world in. >> rose: and your answer is likely? unlikely? too soon to tell? >> look, i mean, there's amaze pog ten nshl egypt and then a highly educated young people, a strong middle-class, a great sense of history and tradition. but it could all go pear shaped between armyn the one hand which is now proving an unam big rouse friend of liberal democracy and the muslim brotherhood on the other hand and
either uploaded or handed off two large data files, the war logs from iraq and afghanistan. >> we don't really know whether manning approached wikileaks or people around wikileaks, or if it was the other way around. but my theory is, whichever way it is, there's an intermediary. there's a group of people in the middle, probably these people in cambridge, massachusetts, who are kind of former computer hackers, many of whom are supporters and are kind of in this loose network of people who support wikileaks. so somewhere in this mix, you have manning with access to this information; you've got wikileaks and julian assange with the desire to get it; and you've got a helpful intermediary. and somewhere in between here, there's a transfer i believe takes place. >> smith: the question of how assange acquired the documents is important. was assange a passive recipient, or was he more involved? >> i think assange is savvy enough that he would have tried to avoid, at all costs, any direct contact with... with bradley manning, understanding that could later lead to a much easier prosecution on
sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: the mayor of kandahar was assassinated in southern afghanistan today. a suicide bomber hid explosives in his turban, before blowing himself up inside a heavily-fortified government compound. it's the third taliban attack on an afghan powerbroker in the south in more than two weeks. the new u.s. ambassador to afghanistan ryan crocker said it's proof the taliban is so damaged, it can't carry out large-scale operations. he spoke today in kabul. >> they've had to kind of regroup and figure out what they can do and, in some cases, that has been assassination. we saw a very similar pattern in iraq. clearly, these are horrific attacks but they can also be interpreted as a sign of significant organizational weakness. >> sreenivasan: a taliban spokesman told the associated press the kandahar mayor was targeted for ordering the destruction of homes city officials claimed were illegally constructed. two children were killed during that demolition. the prime minister of norway today announced an independent commission will review how last week's twin attacks were allowed to
in place for years. military suicides have risen during the long-running wars in iraq and afghanistan. in his statement today, the president said, "these americans served our nation bravely. they didn't die because they were weak." a federal appeals court in san francisco has ordered the military to stop enforcing its ban on gays serving openly. congress repealed the policy last december, but it won't take full effect until the president certifies that the armed services are ready for the transition. it was unclear what effect today's appeals court ruling will have on that timetable. the u.s. capture of a somali suspect triggered a new dispute today over the handling of terror cases. the "new york times" and the "washington post" reported that ahmed abdulkadir warsame was captured in april and held on a u.s. warship, where intelligence officials questioned him for two months. warsame was then flown to new york to stand trial in federal court. but senate repubulican minority leader mitch mcconnell said today he should have been sent to guantanamo and a military tribunal. >> the adminis
've spent time in afghanistan and iraq which represent very challenging problems for children when you look at the mortality rates for children under the age of 5. i just came back from ethiopia where we have a longstanding large program, very close collaboration with the government of ethiopia in supporting both community healthcare initiatives as well as education. >> but anne mulcahy wants people to realize you don't have to be a c.e.o. to help. >> if you log on to goodgoes.org you will see a set of straightforward simple ways you can make a difference. whether it is a $10 care package for a newborn and mother or a very modest investment to fund the community health worker that can touch many, many lives and have a broader impact or simply passing on the challenge and creating more awareness within communities about what can be done and how you can personally touch and impact you know the lives of children. >> well, by way of full disclosure, i should say i do a great deal of work with anne mulcahy as a trustee of save the children and have taken some of those trips with her and she is d
, and two wars have gone unpaid for. it's estimated that the war in afghanistan will is costing $120 billion this year. >> to borrow without limit and without thinking how we are going to pay this back seems to me stupid and immoral. >> for somepson, there is also the problem of selfishness. >> don't blame it all on congress. blame it on the american people who sent people to washington to bring home the bacon. and the way you got reelected was you just went and got it for them. and now the pig is dead. there's no more bacon to bring home. >> solving the debt problem is not only an economic and political challenge. the crisis raises philosophical and moral questions about what kind of government and society americans want. last april, the conservative majority in the house of representatives passed a budget for next year proposed by the chair of its budget committee, paul ryan. he outlined his plan to the american enterprise institute. >> the budget begins by lowering taxes, with top individual and corporate rates capped at 25%. and we can get real growth and nempetition in america. >> and t
to use in helmets for soldiers in afghanistan. but kevlar also works closer to home in places where tornadoes can send debris crashing into houses at more than 100 miles per hour. and when kevlar-filled panels are used to make a safe-room in a house, this is what happens. all the research at dupont has one point and that's the bottom line. it's a legacy kullman would like to leave with dupont. she delivers that message everywhere she goes, even as she spoke to graduates at lehigh university. >> we've seen pretty much everything that two centuries of a turbulent world history can throw at a company. we're still here because we learned to be resilient. we learned how to use science to innovate, and we learned how to transform ourselves in an ever- changing world. >> susie: when the chapter on ellen kullman is written in the dupont history books-- what do you want it to say about you? >> market-driven science. >> susie: and that's important because? >> it's important because for our science to be relevant, for us to be successful, our science has to be relevant to our customers. that s
-- you're talking about the debt limits? >> we can talk about afghanistan later. >> life, whatever. well, i don want to get t life. >> now that everydy has sort of worked through their issues and it has become clear that something i think they believed with speaker boehner, but it will come around to something like a $2 trillion package or come up with $2 trillion in vings that will extend the debt limitation. >> that's what the administration believes? that's their revised hope? >> i believe that's true, yes. now, that said, i think that no one involved in this right now really has a good handle on where the boats are and nobody has really seen anyone like that. >> in the congratulate or the implications for this in a political season? >> both. number one i don think anybody knows what can pass right now. because you have -- for example say this 2 trillion-dollar dales. for most democrats it will involve soig medicarend medicaid savings and significant cuts in domestic spending they -- you can't pullhat out of the economy, not the revenues they were hoping for. the overwhelming number o
in afghanistan continues. the strategy: >> kill and capture as many as you can. make them ask for peace. >> the hurdles: >> launching those attacks-- are we creating more militants than we're killing? >> and the timeline for getting out. >> it could take years, and i don't think anybody knows. >> "kill/capture"-- a frontline investigation. >> there's much more on the norfolk four case on frontline's web site. >> i certainly thought he was guilty. >> experts explain how easy it is to get a false confession. >> i'm asking a question. are you deaf? >> how it trumps all other evidence, and why most interrogation techniques are legal. and there's more on frontline's web site. watch more than 100 full programs; explore interactive timelines and frontline on facebook and twitter. or join the discussion at pbs.org. >> frontline is made possible by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. and by the corporation for public broadcasting. major funding is provided by the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. committed to building a more just, verdant, and peacefu
important than the sergeant in afghanistan? that's a tough decision to make. those are the kinds of choices that have to be made, the kind of contingency plans that the treasury is mapping out today. it really terribly dangerous. >> let me ask you, before i turn to bigger issues, what are the political consequences for the president, for the speaker of the house, and for those republicans who are taking a hard-line in the house of representatives? >> well, i mean, i think the president believes that because public opinion is more on his side than on the republican de, particularly on the shape of a big plan or who has been less willing to compromise, that they feel that almost any outcome is likely to be beneficial to the president politically. i think that when he went on the tv on monday night, his speech was aimed at the independence that the white house is -- independents that the white house is so focused on to convince them he's the reasonable player in this. i'm not sure that that's necessarily the case when we come out of this that he'll benefit politically. i think everybody could
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